The Charter Township of Canton, usually referred to as Canton, is an affluent charter township of Wayne County in the U.S. state of Michigan. It is thirty minutes, 31 miles (50 km) west of Detroit and twenty minutes, 17 miles (27 km) east of Ann Arbor. As of the 2000 census, the township had a total population of 76,366. The 2008 Census Bureau Estimate put the population at 82,075, making it Michigan's second largest township and eleventh largest community. Canton is one of Michigan's fastest growing communities. Based on statistics reported to the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Canton was the nation's 20th safest municipality with a population over 75,000 during 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2009. The designation is based on crime statistics in six categories: murder, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, and auto theft.
The township of Canton was created by act of the Michigan Territorial Legislature on March 7, 1834 out of what had been Plymouth Township. It was named after the city of Canton in China. The name was chosen for the purpose of not conflicting with the name of any post office in existence at the time. At the time, there was a territorial law from April 12, 1827, prohibiting the incorporation of any new township having the same name as any existing post office. However, on October 20, 1829, the legislature had passed legislation creating the townships of Lima and Richland out of Bucklin Township. Governor Lewis Cass returned the acts unapproved, citing a conflict under the law. The legislature thus had to substitute the names of Nankin and Pekin after the cities of Nanking and Peking in China. Although the name of Pekin was changed to Redford in 1833, apparently when naming Canton, the legislature decided to continue having at least two townships named for Chinese cities.
The first meeting to organize the township was held in April, 1834. Canton is near Detroit and has a rapidly increasing population.
In the summer of 2002, emerald ash borer was discovered in Canton.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 36.0 sq mi (93.2 km²). No part of the total area is covered by water. The south of the township is drained by the Lower River Rouge and its tributaries, including Pine Creek, which drains from the northwest corner to the southeast. The northeast is drained by Tonquish Creek and Garden Creek, which are tributaries of the Middle River Rouge.
Canton-Plymouth-Mettetal Airport is in Canton Township.
Canton Township is served by the Plymouth-Canton Community Schools (which serves the northern 2/3 portion of Canton), Wayne-Westland Schools (which serves the south-eastern portion of Canton) and Van Buren Schools (which serves the south-western portion of the township). P-CCS includes most of Canton Township, the city of Plymouth, Plymouth Township, and portions of Salem, Superior, and Northville Townships.
Wayne-Westland Community Schools
- Adlai E. Stevenson Middle School
- Benjamin Frankln Middle School
- John Glenn High School
- Walker-Winter Elementary School
- Belleville High School
- Tyler Elementary
- Rawsonville Elementary
- North Middle School
Canton High School, Canton Center Rd.
- Allen Elementary School
- Bentley Elementary School
- Bird Elementary School
- Canton High School *
- Central Middle School
- Chaney Elementary School
- Discovery Middle School
- Dodson Elementary School
- East Middle School
- Eriksson Elementary School
- Farrand Elementary School
- Fiegel Elementary School
- Field Elementary School
- Gallimore Elementary School
- Hoben Elementary School
- Hulsing Elementary School
- Isbister Elementary School
- Miller Elementary School
- Pioneer Middle School
- Plymouth High School *
- Salem High School *
- Smith Elementary School
- Starkweather Center (Alternative Education)
- Tanger Center (Alternative Education)
- Tonda Elementary School
- West Middle School
- Workman Elementary School
(* Part of the Plymouth-Canton Educational Park)
Public Charter Schools
- Canton Charter Academy
- Achieve Charter Academy
- All Saints Catholic School
- Plymouth Christian Academy
- Plymouth Canton Montessori
- Crescent Academy International
|Est. 2006||86,539|| ||13.3%|
The U.S. Census Bureau has also defined Canton Township as a census-designated place (CDP) in the 2000 Census so that the community would appear on the list of places (like cities and villages) as well on the list of county subdivisions (like other townships). The final statistics for the township and the CDP are identical.
As of the census of 2000, there were 76,366 people, 27,490 households, and 20,562 families residing in the township. The population density was 2,121.5 per square mile (819.0/km²). There were 28,430 housing units at an average density of 789.8/sq mi (304.9/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 83.87% White, 4.54% African American, 0.29% Native American, 8.73% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.64% from other races, and 1.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.34% of the population.
There were 27,490 households out of which 42.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.4% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.2% were non-families. 20.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.26. The median household price was $239,900 according to the U.S. Census Bureau's 2006 American Community Survey estimates.
In the township the population was spread out with 29.0% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 34.9% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 5.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 98.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.2 males.
According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the township was $82,669, and the median income for a family was $95,267. Males had a median income of $61,570 versus $35,615 for females. The per capita income for the township was $28,609. About 2.9% of families and 3.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over.
- Jason Stollsteimer, frontman of the band The Von Bondies
- James Wisniewski, Anaheim Ducks defenseman
- Nate Robertson, Florida Marlins pitcher
- Tanith Belbin and Benjamin Agosto, ice dancers
- Kevin Jones, Chicago Bears running back
- Brandon Inge, Detroit Tigers 3rd baseman (now residing in Dexter, MI - sometime around 2007)
- Igor Shpilband, ice dancing coach
- Brian Calhoun, Detroit Lions back-up running back
- Spencer Haywood, Retired NBA player
- Tessa Virtue and Scott Moir, Canadian ice dancers and Olympic champions from 2010
- Lindsey Hunter, Chicago Bulls and former Detroit Pistons point guard
- Ron Gettelfinger, President, United Auto Workers (UAW)
- Steve Rosenberg caught cheating for chess as he was leading in the final round of the Philadelphia World open 2006.
- Kirk Jones, first person to have survived an intentional plunge over the Niagara Falls without a safety device